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The Unending Rose
for violin




(the pieces may be played singly or as a set)

entire cycle: 17’ 36”

I  –  ‘and told her in words which had no sound …’: 8’ 21”

II – ‘I am fire and air …':  9’ 15”

Year of composition:


Commissioned by:

Darragh Morgan


Darragh Morgan (violin)

Hugh Lane Gallery, Dublin, Ireland

28 January 2001 and

The Tabernacle, London

Published by:

Recorded by:

Caroline Balding, violin (fire dressed in black: Silvina Milstein Chamber Works, LORELT, LNT129)

I  - 'And told her in words that had no sound ...' (Jorge Luis Borges, ‘The Unending Rose’)

II - 'I am fire and air ...' (Shakespeare, Antony and Cleopatra, Act V – Cleopatra)


This set of pieces – written for Darragh Morgan – takes its title from a poem by Jorge Luis Borges, in which the Sufi poet Attar of Nishapur addresses a rose ‘in words that had no sound, as one who thinks rather than one who prays’.  Attar has reached old age; he is blind and admits to knowing nothing, but foresees that ‘there are more ways to go; and everything is an infinity of things’.


The Sufi images of eternity as experienced by Borges, himself old and blind, approaching the end of his days, reminded me of what Lukács calls the ‘touch of vertigo … the most profound meaning of form: to lead to the great moment of silence’.  I attempted a piece that has the form of a sigh, a sort of exhalation, whose contrasting and precipitous final section, while aspiring to an ‘unending’ quality, eventually turns out to be a sort of cadence.


The second piece borrows its epigraph from the closing scenes of Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra.  As the venom of the aspic precipitates her rapturous and defiant ending Cleopatra says she is ‘fire and air’.  According to Plutarch, when Caesar’s men found the queen, she was ‘stark dead laid upon a bed of gold, attired and arrayed in her royal robes’.  The piece shifts rapidly between majestic, sarabande-like gestures and moments of exuberance and intimacy, somehow attempting to echo the acting style of Vanessa Redgrave in the role, in performances I watched at Riverside Studios in the mid-1990s.


... suffused with rich but fragile charm...


Douglas Sealy, Irish Times, 31 January 2001

…exhibiting her flair for lyrical writing, her command of instrumental line and ability to create often succinct, satisfying musical structures.  The single unbroken lines of the solo violin works, the unending rose (1999), show these traits at their most pared down, shorn of all inessentials, yet still poetic in expression …


Guy Rickards, Tempo 63 (250), 2009

Concert performance of the Unending Rose (II), 'I am fire and air ...' 

Darragh Morgan (violin)

starting at 18' 30"

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